There are many different types of safety valves.
The most common safety valve types are:
- Combination Type
1. The FMDA safety valve is the only type with the thermocouple permanently attached to it. This means the thermocouple cannot be replaced; the entire safety valve must be replaced if the thermocouple fails. The easiest way to identify an FMDA type safety is a ½” diameter red button on the bottom of the valve. You must know the gas pipe size and if the pilot tube is an “in and out” or an “out only.” An “in and out” safety valve has two threaded holes at the top of the part, one for gas for the pilot to come in and one for gas to go out. An “out only” safety valve has just one threaded hole to connect gas for the pilot to.
2. The BASO safety valve can vary in design depending on the piece of equipment it is on, so it is important to know the brand name, model and serial number of the piece of equipment to get the correct safety valve the first time. The easiest way to identify a BASO valve is by the 15/16” diameter red pilot button. The thermocouple is separate from the safety.
3. The TS type safety valve is the only one that can be rebuilt. It is similar to the FMDA and BASO types in that it has “in and out” or “out only” pilot tubing, so you must know what is in your equipment. A rebuilt kit is available in both and it is not necessary to replace the body unless it is damaged. The body has no moving parts in it. The easiest way to identify the TS safety is by the 5/8” diameter red button. The thermocouple is also separate from this safety, similar to the BASO.
4. Combination safety valves come in three different styles:
- 120 Volt Type
- Tubing Type
- Millivolt Type or 24 Volt Type
A combination valve is a gas valve with the safety built into it. Most combination valves are found in fryers.
How to determine which type you have:
- If there are two wire leads coming out of the valve then it would be the 120 volt.
- If the wire leads are screwed to the top terminal block, and two tubes are coming out of the top of the valve, it is the tubing type combination safety valve.
- If the wires screw into a terminal block it would be a mulitvolt type.If you are not sure, just provide the brand name, model and serial numbers.
- Screw-in type
- Two-lead type
The screw-in type screws directly into the body and the two-lead type has a terminal block on the combo valve to directly screw into.